What is 5G CPE: Features, Comparison, and Solution


5G CPE is getting more and more popular with the occurrence of 5G and CPE. But most people are not familiar with it and don’t know its difference from other networking devices such as ONU, WiFi router, mobile WiFi, etc. Some people also don’t know how to get well used. Now in this article, we will get a detailed analysis of the features and solution of 5G CPE. A comparison among different networking methods is also listed.

Part I. What is 5G CPE?

5G CPE (Customer Premise Equipment) is a 5G terminal device, which is aimed at making more users’ devices such as mobile phones, iPads, or PCs connected to the Internet by receiving the 5G signals issued from the 5G base station and then transferring them into WiFi signals or wired signals.

5G terminal device

We can consider 5G CPE as a small base station or a combination of router and mobile WiFi. When some corners of your house/company cover a weak signal or when you go to some areas far like mountains, you can use the 5G CPE to enhance or covert the signals. In addition, it’s easy to carry on and users can visit the Internet anytime and anywhere.

Someone may think that 5G CPE is similar to mobile WiFi or router. Actually, they are different. In the next part, we will make a detailed comparison to help you learn CPE well.

Part II. Why choose 5G CPE?

5G CPE vs ONU vs WiFi Router vs Mobile WiFi

1. 5G CPE vs ONU

Exactly, ONU also belongs to CPE. But the ONU connects to the optical fiber access devices and 5G CPE connects to the 5G base station. 5G CPE adopts 5G chips that are similar to or the same as the 5G mobile phones’, which has a powerful connecting capacity of 5Gsupporting SA/NSA networking and 4G/5G. Its speed is equally matched to ONU. However, compared with ONU, CPE is more flexible and movable. In some scarcely populated areas, it’s difficult and expensive to deploy optical fiber. Therefore, these areas always visit the Internet by setting up outdoor CPE to receive and convert the signals from the base station into local signals.

2. 5G CPE vs WiFi Router

5G CPE is a combination of the 5G modem and WiFi router. The devices can access the Internet by connecting to the WiFi or LAN port of CPE by inserting the 5G SIM card. However, WiFi Router is a WiFi Signal projector that connects to the modem, router or switch via cables. Then, the smart devices are able to receive the WiFi signals and acquire the network. The WiFi router can’t provide the network if there is no cabling.

3. 5G CPE vs Mobile WiFi

In fact, 5G CPE can be regarded as an improved version of mobile WiFi. But the antenna gain of 5G CPE is stronger. 5G CPE’s capacity of receiving and issuing signals is also more powerful than the mobile phone’s, which makes 5G CPE used in the test of 5G outdoor application. In addition, 5G CPE is faster in transmission, covering a larger area and supporting much more devices.

4. 5G CPE vs Cable Network

It’s obvious that it has to cost a long period and fees to set up the cabling network from deploying the cables to installation. There is also no need to do this for some short rental or traveling people. The unnecessary cost will be saved with using 5G CPE. It’s easy to carry on and allows plug and play.


All in all, 5G CPE perfectly integrates the low cost of WiFi with wide bandwidth. Below are three main features:

  • Flexible and movable: Different from the ONU and WiFi router that are fixed on a place, 5G CPE is easy to carry on and can be taken to anywhere covering 5G signals.
  • Convenient and Low cost: With the SIM card, the 5G CPE router enables you to surf the Internet. No expense and time need cost as other ways.
  • Equally matched performance: 5G CPE is comparable to ONU/WiFi router/mobile WiFi whether in transmitting speed, connectable devices or range of coverage.

Part III. VSOL 5G CPE Solution

Besides using 5G CPE to solve weak signals indoor or outdoor, 5G CPE is also well applied in setting up wireless home broadband and industrial IoT. VSOL proposes regarding solution in line with the self-developed 5G CPE devices.

① 5G Indoor CPE XTC5151

  • Protocol version: 3GPP Release 15
  • Dual-band WiFi 6: Max 1800Mbps
  • Support SIM card insertion
  • 8 high-gain antennas to receive optimal signals anytime and anywhere

5G indoor CPE XTC5151 can be applied in the home office, live video, VR experiences, gaming, and 4K video. Connecting to the 5G network, you can enjoy a better network experience.

5G Indoor CPE

5G Industrial CPE XYB5551

  • Built with Qualcomm SDX55 chipset
  • Support carrier aggregation
  • the theoretical peak download speed reaches up to 4.0Gbps
  • Support 5G/4G/3G cellular and provide reliable connectivity
  • 4 high-gain external antennas: making it easier to receive 5G signals
5G Industrial CPE

5G Industry CPE XYB5551 has rich industrial interfaces, which facilitate innovation in 5G. It also can be applied in workshop, robotics, laboratory, and surveillance.

5G Industrial CPE Application

In addition to being applied in the test of various 5G occasions, 5G CPE also can be used in industrial IoT like smart factories. With the combination of MEC edge computing points involving the 5G core network and the edge computing cloud platform, the industrial Internet can be connected and applied in more detecting or monitoring demands. The unlimited potential of 5G CPE is waiting for exploration.

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