The debate over net neutrality has lasted more than a decade, in which the telecom operators and Internet enterprises are on the opposite sides and hold different opinions. Recently, the U.S. government has abolished the "net neutrality" rules, causing a great sensation in the industry.
According to Wikipedia, "net neutrality" is a principle, also known as Internet neutrality, which was proposed by Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003. It requires that Internet service providers and governments must treat all data on the Internet the same, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication.
At the China Communications Industry Conference 2017 that held on December 19, the professor from Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications Lv Yanjie shared his opinion on net neutrality. He said, the net neutrality was extensively characterized by planned economy and was essentially anti-market; the net neutrality appeared to be a fair game, but it was actually extremely unfair for operators, which led global operators into passive status.
In his opinion, the main purpose of U.S. government’s ending of net neutrality rules includes three aspects, the first is to eliminate institutional barriers and solve the problem of financing in rebuilding telecommunications infrastructure in America; the second is that telecommunications, as a foundational sector, is in the critical period of rapid reform and can no longer lose the strategic opportunities for being politically correct; the last is that there is an urgent need for the U.S. government to eliminate digital gap and carry out telecommunications innovations.
In addition, he believes that operators have the right to charge or reverse charge, which is the operator's business entitlement. China should learn from FCC’s ending of net neutrality, the government should loosen control and give operators more freedom in setting the tariff. If the market is out of balance, the government should think about dealing with the asymmetric regulation and the problems in communication. He concluded that "deregulation is the right choice for the benign development of the telecommunications industry."